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In its 85-year story, the mission of our institute has been to carry out excellence research in fundamental and applied physical chemistry, contributing to the scientific training of several generations of researchers at the highest level. Our vision is to be an international reference in multidisciplinary research focused on the resolution of the present challenges of our society in the fields of health, biotechnology, new materials, and environment.

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June 2018
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RNE

In the radio program released on 10.10.2016, current aspects of computational chemistry, from quantum chemistry to modeling of biochemical systems have been discussed. Scientific issues in the chemistry of boron have also been mentioned, from new materials to biological aspects, related to this particular element. Recent activities of the "Julio Palacios" Chair, as well as the work carried out by the IQFR library on the updating of the Chair website with scientific, academic, and bibliographic documentation of Julio Palacios, were also described..

 

 

magnetiteMagnetite is the material used to track the history of the Earth magnetic field. Thus its magnetism, and especially its changes with temperature, have attracted a long-standing interest. Magnetite undergoes several phase transitions, some purely magnetic, like the spin-reorientation transition (typically at 130-140K) where the magnetization changes direction, and others, like the Verwey transition, a metal-insulator transition due to a change in the crystal structure, from cubic to monoclinic. We have recently employed novel microscopy techniques to observe the changes of magnetic domains due to these transitions: one, spin-polarized low-energy electron microscopy (SPLEEM), of which there are four instruments in the world, in collaboration with Andreas K. Schmid and coworkers from the Berkeley National Laboratory, and the other, spin-resolved photoemission electron microscopy (spin-PEEM), of which there is currently only one instrument, at the Max Planck Insitute for Microstructure Physics (Halle), in collaboration with Christian Tusche. Upper left-hand figure: SPLEEM image of the magnetic domains below the Verwey temperature, color-coded for the orientation of the magnetization as shown in the circle below (1). Right-hand figure: spin-PEEM image (2) of the magnetization above (upper image) and below (lower image) the Verwey temperature. These techniques allowed us to obtain images with nm resolution of the magnetic domains below and above the transition temperature.

(1) Laura Martín-García, Arantzazu Mascaraque, Beatriz M. Pabón, Roland Bliem, Gareth S. Parkinson, Gong Chen (陈宫), Andreas K. Schmid, and Juan de la Figuera, "Spin reorientation transition on magnetite (001)", Phys. Rev. B 93 (2016) 134419, DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.93.134419

(2) J. de la Figuera and C. Tusche, "The Verwey transition observed by spin-resolved photoemission electron microscopy", App. Surf. Sci. (2016), DOI:10.1016/j.apsusc.2016.05.140

 

Simposio Julio Palacios

Under the auspices of the "Julio Palacios" Chair, created by the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) in 2015, the First "Julio Palacios" International Symposium will take place between 20th and 22nd July 2016 in the city of La Coruña (Spain). The symposium, of broad interest and with a multidisciplinary character, is intended for a general public and especially for university students. The main goal is to provide a meeting point and informative debate on the frontiers of modern science. Registration is free up to the venue capacity. Among the speakers, we can highlight Ignacio Cirac, a renowned theoretical physicist, Douglas Klein, a world-wide expert in mathematical chemistry, Ángel Carracedo, an expert in genomic medicine, or Harald Helfgott, the mathematician who recently proved the ternary Goldbach conjecture, an unsolved problem dated on 1742.

Julio Palacios (1891-1970), a physicist and Professor from The Central University in Madrid (nowadays Complutense University) and researcher in the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC), can be considered among the most relevant Spanish scientists. He was member of different institutions: President of the Spanish Royal Society of Physics and Chemistry, President of the Royal Academy of Exact, Physical and Natural Sciences and member of the Spanish Royal Academy (Spanish language) and of the Royal Academy of Medicine, among others.

More information in: jpalacios.iqfr.csic.es

 

MCS2016We are pleased to announce the sixth edition of the Macromolecular Crystallography School - MCS2016, to be held at the CBE (Department of Crystallography and Structural Biology) of the Institute of Physical-Chemistry "Rocasolano", CSIC (Spanish National Research Council), in Madrid, May 2016.

The MCS2016 is directed to 25 graduate students and/or researchers with some previous expertise in crystallography which need a deeper insight into most advanced crystallographic techniques to carry out their research projects. The school program covers aspects such as sample preparation, phasing, model building, crystallographic refinement, validation, and analysis of the structural results

 

 

 

HBC revised-MMRThe discovery of stable amyloids composed solely of polar residues surprised scholars who believed that protein conformational stability is chiefly due to the hydrophobic effect. These amyloids, rich in Asn and Gln residues, form extensive hydrogen bonding networks. When aligned, hydrogen bond networks are strengthened due to cooperative effects arising from hyperpolarization. In this work, Density Functional Theory and Natural Bonding Orbital analysis were applied to study a series of polar and hydrophobic peptides in amyloid-like oligomers of different sizes and revealed that hydrogen bond networks formed by Asn and Gln side chains experience a distinct class of cooperativity that strengthens them significantly relative to main chain hydrogen bond networks. These computational results were corroborated experimentally utilizing recognition by amyloid specific molecular probes, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and experimental electric conductivity measurements on Asn/Gln-rich and hydrophobic peptides. On the basis of these findings, approaches to selectively inhibit the formation of polar versus hydrophobic amyloids can now be devised.

The figure shows a schematic representation of the delocalized electron density (blue shading) in the H-bond networks formed by Asn side chains (left) and the peptide backbone (right).

Miguel Mompeán, Aurora Nogales, Tiberio A. Ezquerra & Douglas V. Laurents ( "Complex System Assembly Underlies a Two-Tiered Model of Highly Delocalized Electrons" J. Phys. Chem. Lett. (2016) 7(10): 1859-1864.
(doi:10.1021/acs.jpclett.6b00699)

 

imanes-molecularesA scientific collaboration between the Institute of Physical Chemistry "Rocasolano" (CSIC), the University of Buenos Aires (Argentina), the National University of La Plata (Argentina) and the University of the Basque Country has been front cover of the journal Molecular Physics, as an invited article of a special volume on the Proceedings of the 55th Sanibel Symposium on theoretical and computational chemistry. These Symposia were initiated in 1961 by Per-Olov Löwdin, a former member of the Nobel Committee. Molecular magnetism manifests itself macroscopically through the magnetic moment (total spin, S) of a molecule, and is due to the presence of unpaired electrons – (poly)radicals – in the ground state of the system. The main conclusion of the article is the prediction of a system with a maximum spin Smax = 6 in its ground state (high-spin state), constructed by connecting twelve NB11H11 radical type (S = ½) icosahedra, forming a magnetic supericosahedron (first iteration). This prediction opens the door towards the design of molecular magnets based on boron molecules (boranes), since the system can be extended in three dimensions, thereby maximizing the total spin Smax in the series Smax(n) = {1/2, 6, 72, ..., 12n/2}.

Diego R. Alcoba, Ofelia B. Oña, Gustavo E. Massaccesi, Alicia Torre, Luis Lain, Rafael Notario, Josep M. Oliva
"Molecular magnetism in closo-azadodecaborane supericosahedrons", Molecular Physics (2016) 114, 3-4, 400-406.
doi:10.1080/00268976.2015.1076900

TDP-43TDP-43 is a protein which acts in part like an editor and in part like a postman; he modifies his "messages" written in RNA, before delivering them to the cytoplasm. Under certain "bad weather" conditions, part of the TDP-43 protein acts like an "umbrella" (really a hydrogel or functional amyloid) to protect the messages. But sometimes these "umbrellas" can break and become tangled together, forming a "net" (harmful amyloid aggregates) that disrupts the message editing and delivery system, and putatively leads to cell death. In fact, TDP-43 aggregates are linked to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a fatal neurodegenerative disease that kills 4000 Spaniards per year. The elucidation by NMR of the structure, dynamics and stability of the first quarter, or N-terminal domain, of the TDP-43 protein's structure, dynamics and stability by NMR methods provides the keys to better understand the function and malfunction of this important protein.

Mompeán M, Romano V, Pantoja-Uceda D, Stuani C, Baralle FE, Buratti E and Laurents DV "The TDP-43 N-Terminal Domain Structure at High Resolution." FEBS J. Jan 12th, 2016
doi: 10.1111/febs.13651

 

Monday, February 29th 2016, Madrid

Abstract book

Schedule

foto III simposio jovenes 201610:20 - 10:30 WELCOME

10:30 - 12:30 SHORT TALKS

  1. Alejandra Angela Carriles Linares · IQFR. "Structural Biology: From Protein Crystallization to Drug Design"
  2. Elsa Franco Echevarría · IQFR. "Estudios cristalográficos de una IPK de mamífero". 3rd prize.
  3. Fernando Serranía · IQFR. "Espectroscopía LP-DOAS: una técnica para la detección de especies atmosféricas en concentración sub partes por millón". 1st prize.
  4. Maria Muñiz Unamunzaga · IQFR. "Impacto de la química de halógenos en la calidad del aire de ciudades costeras"
  5. Erney Ramírez Aportela · IQFR. “FRODOCK 2.0: Fast Protein-Protein docking server”
  6. María Sebastián · U. de Zaragoza. “Comparing Two Bacterial FAD Synthetases: Little Variations yet Big Differences”
  7. Héctor Zamora Carreras · IQFR. “Investigating the Mechanism of Action of the Membrane-Active Peptide BP11 by Alanine Scan and 2H ssNMR”. 2nd prize.
  8. Sandra Ruiz Gómez · U. Complutense de Madrid. “Desarrollo de supercondensadores de grafeno funcionalizados con óxidos metálicos para aplicaciones en energía”
  9. Aránzazu Gallego García · U. de Murcia. “Función de la proteína CdnL en las bacterias Myxococcus xanthus y Caulobacter crescentus”

12:30 - 13:30 POSTER SESSION

Additional participation of: 

  1. Manuel Alberto Iglesias Bexiga · IQFR. “Nueva familia de inhibidores de LytA, la principal autolisina de Streptococcus pneumoniae”
  2. Noemí Bustamante · IQFR. “Insights of a Novel Kind of Cell Wall Binding Domain that Cleaves the Peptidoglycan Muropeptide: The CW_7 Motif”

13:40 AWARDS AND CLOSING

 

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