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In its 85-year story, the mission of our institute has been to carry out excellence research in fundamental and applied physical chemistry, contributing to the scientific training of several generations of researchers at the highest level. Our vision is to be an international reference in multidisciplinary research focused on the resolution of the present challenges of our society in the fields of health, biotechnology, new materials, and environment.

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December 2017
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IPERION CH (http://www.iperionch.eu/) is a program with participation of 11 countries of the European Union, among them Spain through CSIC, and USA. The main objective of IPERION CH is to provide to researchers in Heritage Science a network of installations and laboratories in Europe that supports the advance of knowledge and innovation in the preservation of Cultural Heritage. This objective encompasses the offer of transnational access to first order instruments and diagnostic methods, in an integrated platform that includes large installation and mobile laboratories, and to important data archives.

Researchers of the LANAMAP Group at IQFR participate in joint research activities of IPERION CH aiming at 1) advancing new techniques and instruments, mainly based in laser methods, for non-invasive stratigraphic analysis, 2) integration of analytical techniques in portable instruments, and 3) development of diagnostic techniques for monitoring deterioration and conservation treatments.

 

 

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IPERION CH pursues the integration of European world-class facilities to create a cohesive entity playing a leading role in the global community of Heritage Science. For this reason, IPERION CH has applied for inclusion in the ESFRI (European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures) roadmap trough the E-RIHS PP (European Research Infrastructure for Heritage Science Preparatory Phase) proposal, approved in March of this year (http://www.e-rihs.eu/). In the near future, IPERION CH will work towards fulfilling all conditions necessary to establish a European Research Infrastructure that will give continuity to IPERION CH.

Finally, PARTHENOS (http://www.parthenos-project.eu/) is a program integrated by with 15 partners and designed to strengthening the cohesion of research in the broad sector of Humanities, Cultural Heritage, Archaeology and related fields through a thematic cluster of European research infrastructures, integrating initiatives, e-infrastructures and other world-class infrastructures. Strong links between the activity of PARTHENOS and IPERION CH are been established in the parallel running of these two projects.

More information in: http://bit.ly/2fe1D93

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IPERION CH (http://www.iperionch.eu/) es un programa en el que participan 11 países de la Unión Europea, entre ellos España a través del CSIC, y Estados Unidos. El principal objetivo de IPERION CH es proporcionar a los investigadores en Ciencia del Patrimonio una red de instalaciones y equipamientos en Europa que les permita avanzar en sus proyectos. Dicho objetivo se cumple mediante la oferta de acceso transnacional a herramientas y métodos de diagnóstico de primer orden, en una plataforma integrada que incluye grandes instalaciones y laboratorios móviles, así como importantes archivos de datos.

Investigadores del grupo LANAMAP del IQFR participan en las actividades conjuntas de investigación en IPERION CH enfocadas a: 1) al avance de nuevas técnicas e instrumentos, principalmente basadas en métodos láser, para el análisis estratigráfico no invasivo, 2) a la integración de técnicas analíticas en instrumentos portátiles, y 3) al desarrollo de técnicas de diagnóstico para la monitorización del deterioro y de los tratamientos de conservación.

 

 

 

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Con la intención de establecer una única infraestructura de investigación Europea en Ciencia del Patrimonio, en el contexto de la iniciativa ESFRI (European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures)se presentó la propuesta E-RIHS PP (European Research Infrastructure for Heritage Science Preparatory Phase). Tras su aprobación en marzo de este año (http://www.e-rihs.eu/), será posible dar los primeros pasos para establecer el funcionamiento de los aspectos científicos, administrativos y políticos de una infraestructura estable que dé continuidad a IPERION CH.

Finalmente PARTHENOS (http://www.parthenos-project.eu/) es un proyecto integrado por 15 socios Europeos que pretende fortalecer la cohesión de la investigación en los amplios sectores de las Humanidades, la Ciencia del Patrimonio, la Arqueología y campos relacionados mediante la agrupación temática de infraestructuras de investigación europeas, iniciativas integradoras, e infraestructuras virtuales. La importante conexión entre la actividad de PARTHENOS e IPERION CH se manifiesta en el desarrollo en paralelo de ambos proyectos.

Más información en http://bit.ly/2fe1D93

escudero2016Dr María Escribano Escudero, former PhD student of the Institute under the tutelage of Dr Angel Cuesta, has been recognized with one of the European Young Chemists Awards 2016. This prize honors and encourages younger chemists whose current research displays a high level of excellence and distinction. It seeks to recognize and reward younger chemists of exceptional ability who show promise for substantial future achievements in chemistry-related research fields. Dr Escudero Escribano presented eight polycrystalline Pt–lanthanide and Pt–alkaline-earth oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) electrocatalysts for use in polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells.

 

escudero2016La Dra. María Escribano Escudero, ex estudiante de doctorado del Instituto bajo la tutela del Dr. Ángel Cuesta, ha sido reconocida con uno de los Premios para Jóvenes Químicos Europeos 2016 (European Young Chemists Awards 2016). Este premio honra y anima a los químicos más jóvenes cuya investigación actual muestra un alto nivel de excelencia y reconoce capacidades excepcionales de investigadores que parecen ser prometedores para futuros logros sustanciales en los campos de investigación relacionados con la química. La Dra Escudero Escribano presentó ocho compuestos policristalinos del tipo Pt-lantánido y Pt-alcalinotérreo activos en la reacción electro-catalítica para la reducción de oxígeno (ORR, oxygen reduction reaction) en pilas de combustible de membrana con electrolito polimérico.

 

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Streptococcus pneumoniae (the pneumococus), a superbug bacteria, is a leading cause of bacterial sepsis and the most frequent ethiologic-agent in the community adquired pneumoniae and non-epidemic bacterial meningitis. LytB, a member of the family of pneumococcal choline-binding protein, is responsible for the physical separation of daugther cells after division and participates in nasopharinx colonization and invasion, biofilm formation and evasion from the host immunity. Because of this, LytB is considered a putative vaccine/drug target. Here, IQFR and CIB investigators, in collaboration with scientists from the Universities of Newcastle (Newcastle upon Tyne, UK) and Notre Dame (Indiana, USA), have shown that LytB is a glucosaminidase and the basis for its high substrate specificity are unveiled. The catalytic mechanism and model of binding to the bacterial peptidoglycan together with determinants of its polar localization on pneumococcal cells is also advanced. Reported data provide a better understanding of the complex physiological role played by LytB in the bacterium and the host-pathogen interaction.

 

Rico-Lastres P, Díez-Martínez R, Iglesias-Bexiga M, Bustamante N, Aldridge C, Hesek D, Lee M, Mobashery S, Gray J, Vollmer W, García P, Menéndez M. 2015. “Substrate recognition and catalysis by LytB, a pneumococcal peptidoglycan hydrolase involved in virulence”. Sci Rep. 5:16198. doi: 10.1038/srep16198.

 

Within the "Julio Palacios Project", Professor Francisco González de Posada will give a colloquium on "The problem of time: Newton's and Einstein's concepts", next Monday, November 23rd, at 12:00h at the Institute of Physical Chemistry "Rocasolano" (CSIC). The colloquium is directed to public in general, students, professors, academicians and researchers.

"Mecanismos patogénicos y rescate terapéutico del polimorfismo P187S en la enzima NQO1 asociado a cáncer"

Ángel Luis Pey

Universidad de Granada

Viernes 20 de noviembre

12:00, Sala 300

USTS

The first edition of the Ultrafast Science and Technology Spain meeting (USTS2015) will take place in the Main Campus of the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) in Madrid, in November 24th and 25th, 2015. Oral Sessions will be celebrated in the Instituto de Quimica Fisica Rocasolano. The Meeting has been promoted by the Grupo Especializado de Láseres Ultrarrápidos (GELUR) of the RSEF.

The scope of this Meeting is broad and will cover topics including ultrafast laser development, extreme light, materials processing, femtosecond laser spectroscopy and dynamics, nonlinear optical phenomena, ultrafast processes in biology, femtosecond microscopy or attosecond physics.

With nearly 70 contributions and over 90 registered attendees, we expect to enjoy a successful and exciting meeting. Details can be found in http://www.ultrafast.es/USTS2015.

 

IPERIONCH-PARTHENOSThrough IQFR and CENIM researchers, CSIC participates in two H2020 European projects, IPERION CH and PARTHENOS.
IPERION CH (Integrated Platform for the European Research Infrastructure ON Cultural Heritage), with 23 partners, offers trans‐national access to world‐class diagnostic tools and methods in one integrated platform, including large scale installations and mobile laboratories with a wide range of portable scientific instruments, and to unique and important archives of scientific data for advancing knowledge and innovation in Cultural Heritage. Further information at http://www.iperionch.eu/


PARTHENOS (Pooling Activities, Resources and Tools for Heritage E-research Networking, Optimization and Synergies), with 15 partners, is aimed to strengthening the cohesion of research in the broad sector of Linguistic Studies, Humanities, Cultural Heritage, History, Archaeology and related fields through a thematic cluster of European Research Infrastructures, integrating initiatives, e-infrastructures and other world-class infrastructures. Strong links between the activity of PARTHENOS and IPERION CH are envisaged in the parallel running of these two projects. Further information at http://www.parthenos-project.eu/

 

"anti-B18H22, UN BORANO QUE BRILLA DE NUEVO"
Luis Cerdán Pedraza
 
jueves 12 de noviembre 2015
Salón de Actos, 12:00

foto-NASA-en

Bromine is an effective ozone destruction catalyst in the stratosphere, the region of the atmosphere that contains the ozone layer. Most bromine reaching the stratosphere comes from anthropogenic sources, which are controlled by the Montreal Protocol (an international treaty designed to protect the ozone layer of the Earth). In addition, an uncertain amount of natural organic bromine compounds, emitted from the oceans as a result of the marine biological activity, can reach the stratosphere where it contributes to the destruction of the ozone layer. In this work, these ocean-emitted organic bromine compounds have been measured for the first time both over the East and West Pacific Ocean in profiles from the ocean surface up to the gateway of the stratosphere, at 18 km. The measurements were made aboard the NASA´s non-tripulated Global Hawk aircraft as part of the NASA´s Airborne Tropical Tropopause Experiment (ATTREX) campaigns. This study also uses a climate model to quantify the impact of the injected natural bromine on the destruction of the ozone layer. 

Maria A. Navarro, Elliot L. Atlas, Alfonso Saiz-Lopez, Xavier Rodriguez-Lloveras, Douglas E. Kinnison, Jean-Francois Lamarque, Simone Tilmes, Michal Filus, Neil R. P. Harris, Elena Meneguz, Matthew J. Ashfold, Alistair J. Manning, Carlos A. Cuevas, Sue M. Schauffler, and Valeria Donets. Airborne measurements of organic bromine compounds in the Pacific tropical tropopause layer. PNAS.
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1511463112

 

Charla sobre el servicio de AFM del IQFR

Esther Rebollar

Vienres, 28 de Noviembre de 2014

Sala 300, 12:00

 "Deciphering the structure of human CAD"

Dr. Santiago Ramon-Maiques

Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Oncologicas  de Madrid

Jueves 27 de noviembre a las 12.00

Sala 300

Hora        Conferenciante

10 - 10:30  Marta Castillejo
10:30 - 11  Lourdes Infantes
11 - 11:30  Mª Ángeles Jiménez
11:30 - 12  Eva Noya González

 

12 - 12:30 (pausa para tomar café)
12:30 - 13:15 (claustro científico (investigadores de plantilla)

summary figure
Magnetite is a magnetic material known since more than two thousand years ago. It presents a phase transition known as the Verwey transition (at ~ 120K), in which the crystal structure changes from cubic to monoclinic, and at the same time the conductivity is reduced by two orders of magnitude. This transition strongly promoted research on metal-insulator transitions. For the first time, a team of researchers from the IQFR, Berkeley National Laboratory and the Vienna Technical University have observed this transition with surface-sensitive microscopies for the (100) orientation of magnetite. It has been found that the surface "rumbles" forming a roof-like surface at a micrometer scale, whereas the actual surface reconstruction has the same structure through the transition. This indicates that although the surface reconstruction is conceptually similar to the bulk structure below the transition, they are two distinct phenomena.
 
J. de la Figuera, Z. Novotny, M. Setvin, T. Liu, Z. Mao, G. Chen, A. T. N'Diaye, M. Schmid, U. Diebold, A. K. Schmid, G. S. Parkinson,  "Real Space Imaging of the Verwey Transition at the (100) Surface of Magnetite", Phys. Rev. B 88 (2013) 161410(R), DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.88.161410,  arxiv 1310.1373
 
The figure shows at the top, low-energy electron microscope images (8.6 um wide) above (left) and below (right) the Verwey transition. In the middle, scanning tunneling microscopy images with atomic resolution are shown also above and below the transition. At the bottom, a profile showns the "roof" surface below the transition.
 
 
 

Exocytosis and Endocytosis; from membranes and molecules to mechanisms

Date: 28th Nov 2013, 15:30. Room 300

Activities for Week of Science

Date: Thursday 14th November, 10:30 - 14:00 horas
10:30 - 12:00 Talks at the Hall Conference Room
12:00 - 14:00 Visits to laboratories

"The role of Gbp2p, Nab2p and Pub1p along the mRNA cycle: structural and molecular recognition studies by NMR and other biophysical techniques"

Date: Friday 15th November, 12:00
Place: Salón de Actos